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Bruno's Chess Problem: 09/21/2020

J.Kohtz, C.Kockelkorn, Schachaufgaben, 1875

Mate in 5(***)
chess problem diagram
White to play


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1. Be5! ... 2. Bd6 ... 3. Bf8 ... 4. Bg7#
  1. ... Bh1 2. Bxg3 ... 3. Bd6 ... 4. Bf8 ... 5. Bg7#
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2020-09-22 08:51:46, by problemist
See also Edward Winter's Chess Notes: "Steinitz Stuck and Capa Caught" for further examples of chess luminaries slipping on tricky chess problems. In "Pal Benkö and the Fischer challenge" on chessbase.en a problem is shown on which Bobby Fischer was tricked.
2020-09-21 18:22:34, by problemist
Reprinted as No. 57 in "Classic Chess Problems by Pioneer Composers" (1970) by Kenneth S. Howard: "No. 57 is a slight affair in which Black threatens a stalemate by playing 1 -- Bh1 and 2-- Pg2. It is reproduced here because ten years after it was published Loyd used the same device, in a more elaborate four-move problem, which he wagered Steinitz could not solve within the same length of time that it took Loyd to compose it. Steinitz was a keen analyst and after a careful examination of the position he announced that he had solved it, but he had overlooked this threatened stalemating defense. So, afterward Loyd referred to it as the "Stuck Steinitz" problem, much to Steinitz' annoyance."

Reprinted as No. 321 in Breuer's "Ideengeschichte" (1982): "1. Lb2? Kg1! 2. La3 g2 patt = "Kling". Schwarz verteidigt sich durch freiwillige Einsperrung gegen das weiße Manöver. Diese schwarze Initiative zwingt den Weißen zu einem Kontrazug. 1. Le5! droht dasselbe Matt wie nach 1. Lb2, aber nach 1. - Lh1 schlägt Weiß den Sperrbauer: 2. L:g3 3. Ld6 4. Lf8. Immerhin hat die angedrohte Pattkombination eine Verzögerung des Hauptplans bewirkt. Der Vorwurf des Problems käme noch besser zur Geltung, wenn die Forderung lautete: Matt in wieviel Zügen?"

First published in "Leipziger Illustrierte Zeitung," 24.3.1866.
2020-09-21 13:28:03, by problemist
Study expert Siegfried Hornecker on, 24 February, 2008, has an entry ("KLINGelingeling") showing the original (dualistic) draw study of Josef Kling (in his "The Chess Euclid," 1849) with today's stalemate idea and three modern adaptations by Bron (1930), Anufriev (1972), and Gurgenidze (1975).
2020-09-21 07:34:01, by problemist
There are entries on the composers in wikipedia arz, de, en, he, it, lv, ru.
2020-09-21 07:02:41, by problemist
This is a classical and well-known miniature by the famous composers showing a stalemate defense (Kling theme) for Black after 1. Be5 Bh1! 2. Bd6 g2 3. Bf8 stalemate. Therefore White first captures the pawn 2. Bxg3 and then 3. Bd6 4. Bf8 5. Bg7#. Reprinted many times.

Johannes Kohtz (* 18.7.1843 in Elbing, † 5.10.1918) German composer. "Johannes Kohtz met Carl Kockelkorn when they were still pupils and they engaged in chess composition. They published their first problem when they both were 17. Kohtz and Kockelkorn published their book "Das Indische Problem" in 1903 and "Zur Kenntnis des Schachproblems", a compilation of Bayersdorfer's problems, in 1902. Even after the death of his close friend Kockelkorn on July 16, 1914, Kohtz still published his problems under both authors names. (source: Wikipedia). He created the famous Roman theme with Carl Kockelkorn. "A good defence to a threat is eliminated (usually by means of a foreplan) and a bad defence by the same unit (not previously available) is introduced."

Carl Kockelkorn (* 26.11.1843 in Cologne, † 16.7.1914 in Cologne) German composer. "Carl Kockelkorn and Johannes Kohtz published their first common chess problem when they were 17 and being in total accord after a short while they decided to publish their problems as co-productions. After Carl Kockelkorn died in 1914, Kohtz still published his problems under both authors names. Together they founded the logical school of chess composition, in reaction against the old German school founded by Johann Berger."
2020-09-21 06:17:46, by slowbut2
before my seeing others’ comments: My solution [arrived to through the 32-pixel, B&W, restartable-moving-pieces setting and “(?)”]: in view of the following possibility\s::::::::::::: black blocks black bishop in the southeast corner \ still black king\ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, it seems [ reverification is intended later on and before seeing others’ comments] that white's befive starts

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