Chess problem: 2 days ago

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Bruno's Chess Problem: 05/14/2022

F.Fleck, J.Szoghy, 1st Pr., Magyar Sakkelet, 1960

Mate in 2(***)
chess problem diagram
White to play

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Level : * (very easy) to ****** (very hard)

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1. Nf5! ... 2. Ng3#
  1... exf5+ 2. Bf6#
  1... e5+ 2. Nd6#
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2022-05-14 10:43:21, by problemist
"True, I talk of dreams, \ Which are the children of an idle brain, \ Begot of nothing but vain fantasy." William Shakespeare (1564-1616), "Romeo and Juliet" act I, iv, l. 97.

FIDE Album. In the set the check 1.. e5+ is answered by 2. Qc6#. This is changed in the promising try 1. Nd5? (2. Nf6#, Nc3#) e5+ 2. Nf6#; on a second check 1.. PxN+ 2.Bd6# (not 2. Bf6+ Be7), but 1.. Bd6! refutes. The analogous key 1. Nf5 (2. Ng3#, Rd4#) even unpins bRg6 and on the checks 1.. e5+, PxN+ 2. Nd6# (another changed mate) Bf6# (not 2. Bd6+ Re6). The mating squares f6, d6 of N and B are exchanged in try and solution. Reprinted in "Ungarische Schachproblemanthologie" (Edited by György Bakcsi, 1983, Budapest; the Hungarian original is "Új magyar sakkfeldadványantológia", 1979, Budapest), No. 50: "Im Satz-, Verführungs- und Lösungsspiel fünf Gegenschachs durch den schwarzen Bauer, zweimal auch mit Mattveränderungen verbunden, mit nichtschlagenden Mattzügen."

Ferenc Fleck (* 17.2.1908 in Budafok, † 25.2.1994 in Budapest) Hungarian composer, Honorary Master and FIDE Master, see wikipedia de, it, lv. The German article is to be recommended as it is particularly comprehensive and contains an extensive discussion of the Fleck theme and its variants. "Ferenc Fleck was Honorary Master in chess composition but also an international judge and left his name to the Fleck theme: "Separation of the threats (at least 3) by an equivalent number of black defences, and there is no dual after each defence" (source: Problemesis)." For more biographical details see also the Hungarian site magyarsakkszerzok.hu.

From Günter Büsing's 'Kalenderblatt' in 'Die Schwalbe', April 2008: "Mehrfache Drohungen sind in der Regel unerwünscht, doch anders ist es beim Fleck-Thema, wo es darum geht, dieselben durch schwarze Verteidigungszüge zu differenzieren. Wie weit dieses Spiel getrieben werden kann, zeigt die Aufgabe von [Petrus] Overkamp (Niederländisches JT, 1951–52, 2. Preis), in der [...] nicht weniger als sieben Drohungen [...] durch die schwarzen Züge eindeutig separiert werden [...] Den Erfinder dieses Vorwurfs, Ferenc Fleck (17.2.1908-25.2.1994), konnte der Schreiber 1987 bei einem Besuch des Münchner Problemkreises in Budapest noch persönlich kennenlernen."

József Szöghy (* 19.3.1910 in Budapest, † 2.1.1993), Hungarian composer and FIDE Master. A twomover theme was named after him. For more see magyarsakkszerzok.hu (in Hungarian): "Első feladványa 1930-ban jelent meg, első versenysikerét 1932-ben érte el. Megjelent feladványainak száma: 1400, ebből 345 részesült kitüntetésben. Díjat 117, I. díjat 55, dicséretet 134, elismerést 94 műve kapott..."

Since the opening in October 2000, I had published online more than 6650 free chess problems. If you want more details, look at my chess figures pages.

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